How to use METACOGNITION to enhance your learning experiences:
5 Tips for Students


Identify your learning style:

Determine your preferred VARK (Visual, Aural, Read/write, Kinesthetic) learning style by filling in the VARK Questionnaire.
Understand how you best absorb and process information.
Once you know your style, tailor your study strategies to align with it.
For example, if you are a Visual learner, use diagrams to reinforce concepts.

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Set clear learning goals:

Establish specific and achievable learning goals for each study session. Define what you want to accomplish and how you plan to approach it. This helps direct your focus and provides a framework for monitoring your progress.
Keep your VARK preferences in mind when planning how to achieve your goal.
For example, if you have a Kinesthetic preference, you might plan a hands-on activity.

diagram of metacognition

Make time for metacognition:

Rather than jumping right in, take the time to plan your learning – consider your task, what you know about yourself as a learner, and the available learning strategies.
Regularly pause to reflect on how things are going – actively engage in metacognitive strategies, such as self-questioning, summarizing, and reflecting on your learning process.
This process will become automatic over time, but initially, you will probably need to schedule in metacognitive pauses.

diagram of a variety of study techniques

Embrace variety in study techniques:

Incorporate a mix of study techniques that cater to your learning preference. This is particularly important if you have a multimodal learning preference – as you will probably learn better if you process new information using a combination of your preferred modalities.
Experimenting with diverse approaches helps you discover what works best for you.

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Seek feedback and adjust strategies:

Actively seek feedback on your performance and understanding.
This can come from teachers, peers, and even self-assessment.
Use this feedback to adjust your study strategies accordingly.
Consider how your learning style influences your comprehension and adapt your approach to maximize effectiveness.

Be open to exploring different strategies and adapting them to suit your unique learning needs. The key is to develop self-awareness and continually refine your approach based on what helps you learn most effectively.

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